Fungal Bio Fertilizer for Sustainable Agriculture

Fungal Bio Fertilizer for Sustainable Agriculture

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Entessar M.  Al-Jbawi*(1) Abdel Rahman M.S. Al-Tawaha (2) and Adel J. Hussein(3)

(1). Agricultural Extension Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform (MAAR), Damascus, Syria.

(2). Department of Biological Sciences, Al Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan.

(3). Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Entessar Al Jbawi. E-Mail: or

Received: 01/03/2021                              Accepted: 05/06/2021


Plant roots are the main organ that supplies the plant with the nutrients in the soil, which is reflected on the productivity of the plant. Some of the microorganisms present in the soil are among the factors that may contribute to raising the efficiency of plants in utilizing the nutrients in the soil, therefore there is the need to study on plant interactions with soil microorganisms. However, care must be taken when adding these beneficial microorganisms to the soil as biological fertilizers or pesticides, to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and to minimize its harmful effects on humans and the environment, on the one hand, and on the other hand, to increase the plant productivity to maintain food security. With the evolution of omic[1] technologies, it became possible to effectively observe rhizosphere microbial community together with their effects on plant productivity, thus maintaining sustainable agriculture. This prompted scientists to discover and develop microbial species that interact positively with plants (Berruti et al., 2016).

Key words: Bio fertilizer, AMF inoculation, Plant protection, Sustain agriculture.

Full paper: PDF


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